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Local Government Area Settlement Profiling Bama town, Bama LGA, Borno State, Nigeria, January 2019

CONTEXT AND METHODOLOGY

Since the conflict between Nigerian security forces and armed opposition groups (AOGs) escalated in 2013, more than two million individuals have been displaced. Most were displaced within Borno State, particularly to urban centres in accessible Local Government Areas (LGAs). The humanitarian response is challenged by information gaps including, but not limited to, a lack of clarity on the security environment in inaccessible areas outside of urban centres, clarity on the availablility of services and persons’ access to services in accessible locations and the varying vulnerabilites of beneficiaries. This settlement profiling assessment, conducted by REACH and facilitated by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) in 6 accessible LGA towns in Borno State, aims to support multi-sectoral coordination and evidence-based response at the LGA level through information management.

This factsheet presents evidence-based data on household (HH) needs and access to basic services in Bama town, through results from a quantitative multi-sectoral survey and comprehensive infrastructure mapping. The HH level data sheds light on specific needs and vulnerabilities, and is complemented by secondary data on displacement patterns. For the infrastructure mapping, data collection teams identified and recorded the GPS locations and main characteristics of water access points, latrine blocks, schools, marketplaces, and health facilities. Both the HH survey and infrastructure mapping data was collected between 3 and 11 December 2018. 237 HH surveys were conducted in Bama town (119 HH surveys at formal camps and 118 at host community sites), with a representative sample at site level with a confidence level of 95% and a margin of error of 8%.

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs