As the conflict between the Nigerian Armed Forces (NAF) and factions of Boko Haram and associated armed opposition groups (AOGs) enters its tenth year, violent conflict remains the driving force of the crisis in North-eastern Nigeria (NEN). The conflict has been concentrated in the states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (collectively, the BAY states). According to the 2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview, Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, hosts 1.3 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 2.4 million people-in-need in.IDP camps in Maiduguri and in the enclaved Local Government Area (LGA) capitals in Borno state are experiencing overcrowding2 .The intensity of need in IDP camps coupled with ongoing insecurity beyond the enclaves has led to a focus on aid delivery in easily accessible locations, despite the presence of an estimated 823,0003 persons who remain isolated in hard-to-reach (H2R) areas and who are presumed to have little mobility, limited essential services, and little or no access to humanitarian aid.
Ongoing conflict is exacerbated by climatic changes that have spurred additional displacement. Cyclical flooding in twelve states of Nigeria, including Adamawa, affected 441,250 people and displaced 141,360 over the months of August and September 2018.4 Road closures as a result of flooding additionally constrained the ability of organizations to deliver aid. As a result of conflict and climate-derived displacement, pastoralists have moved both within and out of NEN, resulting in violent clashes between pastoral groups and farmers in their locations of displacement, adding to the overall instability in NEN. Resulting from these challenges, 10.2 million people in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe are projected to need humanitarian assistance in 2019.5 Of these, an estimated 1.8 million people6 will likely remain displaced across the BAY states.
In response to the lack of comparable, response-wide, household-level information on the needs and vulnerabilities of crisis affected populations in NEN, and to inform the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), REACH, in close coordination with the Inter-Sector Working Group (ISWG) and Assessment Working Group (AWG), conducted this Multi-Sector Needs Assessment (MSNA). The assessment was funded by the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO). Data collection took place between 25 June and 6 August 2018, covering IDP, returnee and non-displaced populations in all accessible areas in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states, as well as hard-to-reach areas in Borno state.
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs