INTRODUCTION: IOM works with national and local authorities in order to gain a better understanding of population movements throughout West and Central Africa. Through the setup of Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs), IOM seeks to quantify migration flows, trends and routes to gain a better understanding of the profiles of observed individuals at entry, transit and/or exit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centers). In Nigeria, FMPs were established in March 2017 in several important transit locations in Sokoto and Kano to monitor the movements of passenger buses to and from Niger. This dashboard is an overview of the data collected at these FMPs in July 2020.
Results show that the average daily number of individuals observed in July, at the FMPs in Nigeria was 1,154.
This represents a 33 per cent increase compared to the daily average of June 2020. The increase from the previous month could be attributed to the easing of lockdown/movement restriction imposed by the Federal Government of Nigeria as a response to the increase in communal transmission of COVID-19 virus. Also, migrants are taking advantage of the various unauthorized border points to migrate. Nigeria, Niger, Chad, and Cameroon were the main countries of departure and intended destination for individuals passing through FMPs. In addition, the main type of flows identified were: short term local movements (42% of all flows); economic migration of more than six months (38% of all flows); seasonal migration (17% of all flows); and tourism (3% of all flows).
Four main modes of transport were identified: car (56% of all flows), bus (39% of all flows), motorbike (2% of all flows) and foot (2% of all flows). Nigerian (53%), Nigerien (33%), Chadian (5%), Cameroonian (3%) and Malian (3%) nationals were the main nationalities recorded transiting through FMPs this month.
METHODOLOGY: The flow monitoring methodology aims to highlight areas with high internal, crossborder and regional migration. Mobility area assessments are conducted at the national level. DTM teams then collect information at the local level to identify key transit points. Enumerators collect data from key informants (KIs) at the FMPs: KIs may be bus station staff, police, customs officers, bus drivers, or migrants themselves.
Data is collected through a basic form filled out by enumerators following interviews with KIs and combined with direct observations – enabling gender and nationality breakdowns. In Sokoto and Kano, each FMP was selected following consultations with local and national key stakeholders involved in the management of migration in Nigeria and based on location and distinctive characteristics of the population flows in each area. Data is collected on a daily basis during peak hours.
LIMITATIONS: Data collected for these exercises should be understood as estimations only. They represent only part of the total population flows passing through the Gada – Galmi; Sabon-Birni – Guidan-Roumdji; Illela – Konni; Kano – Maradi and Kano – Zinder routes. The spatial and temporal coverage of this data collection activity is therefore incomplete. In addition, although data is collected daily, it is collected only during peak hours (8:00 am – 5:00 pm). The portion of the flows that occur during hours without an enumerator is thus, not represented. Data on vulnerability is based on direct observation and should be understood as mainly indicative
Source: International Organization for Migration