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UNICEF Niger Humanitarian Situation Report, January 2019

Highlights

An attack by non-state armed groups (NSAG) in Baga and Cross (Nigeria) on January 19th led to the displacement of 379 families to 3 different sites in the municipalities of Nguigmi and Kablewa, Diffa region, Niger. 65 additional household fled internally to the Chetimari municipality, due to another attack by NSAG in Kuble Damara

At the border with Mali, about 100 households fled on January 17th from the Assidamat, Tazaye, Intagamat. The threats and ultimatum given by NSAG one week before the incident, are believed to have led to this displacement to the locality of Miel Cimint (50 km west Abala)

In January 2019, the Rapid Response Mechanism (ACF, ACTED, DRC, IRC, the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Relief – MAH / GC, OCHA, UNICEF and WFP), conducted 10 multisectoral evaluations and provided assistance through non-food items (2,708 families), shelter (380 families), food aid (14,050 people), and WASH (9,350 people) in 3 regions.

In Niger, 704 cases of measles were reported during the month of January with no deaths, and 70 cases of meningitis with 3 deaths. UNICEF supported measles vaccination in Diffa and Bosso health districts from December 31st to January 5th which reached 135,128 children.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

According to the 2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO), 2.3 million people in Niger need humanitarian assistance, including 1.3 children. The needs analysis shows the persistence of five major crises affecting the country: food insecurity (1.5 million people estimated in need), malnutrition (1.8 million people), epidemics (600,000 children), floods (170,000 people) and population movements due to conflict or migration (478,000 people). In 2019, 50 per cent of people in need in the Niger will be located in the three regions affected by population movement Diffa, Tahoua and Tillabery. While fewer people (nearly 25,000) are expected to be displaced in Diffa Region than in previous years, the fragile security and humanitarian situations at the borders with Burkina Faso and Mali (Tillabery and Tahoua regions) are expected to worsen.

An estimated 100,000 additional people may be displaced in 2019, adding to the 48,000 already displaced. In a context of persistently high prevalence of acute malnutrition with rapid population growth, and despite the gradual phase-out of international NGOs and some humanitarian donors, UNICEF continues to support the SAM treatment program, providing lifesaving services to a large number of children nationwide. In 2019, the nutrition sector estimates that 380,166 will need a treatment provided by a health facility

Source: UN Children’s Fund