Study

UNICEF Nigeria Humanitarian Situation Report, 1-30 November 2019

Highlights

The total number of IDPs in the three northeast states has slightly increased to 1.84 million people. The increase is attributed to renewed escalation of security incidents relating to the ongoing hostilities between non-state armed groups (NSAGs) and security forces (SF) in the region.

As a result of high security and severely constrained access, there continues to be urgent, unmet humanitarian needs in Rann (Kala Balge LGA). A rapid mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) screening conducted by MSF indicated 18 per cent global acute malnutrition (GAM) with 4.3 per cent severe acute malnutrition (SAM) indicating a deterioration of the nutritional situation in the area.

With UNICEF support, 86 boys cleared of association with non-state armed groups (NSAG) by the Nigeria military are now accessing early reintegration support services at the Bulumkutu Rehabilitation center, Borno state.

4.2 million Children in need of humanitarian assistance (Humanitarian Response Plan, 2019) 7.1 million People in need of humanitarian assistance in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (HRP, 2019) 6.1 million People targeted in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (HRP, 2019) 1.84 million Internally displaced people in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states (IOM DTM Round XXIX, November 2019)

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

More than 1.84 million people are now internally displaced across the three northeast states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, according to the IOM DTM Round XXIX (November 2019). IDPs decreased in Adamawa and increased in Borno and Yobe, with Borno the most affected state by the conflict, having the highest number of IDPs (1,483,566 persons).

Continuous displacement in the northeast region is attributed to long-term hostilities between non-state armed groups (NSAGs) and security forces (SF). This has sustained humanitarian needs in the affected communities with IDPs identifying access to water, sanitation, medical services, non-food item and food as their major needs .

MSF conducted a rapid mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) screening in Rann, which indicated 18 per cent global acute malnutrition (GAM) with 4.3 per cent severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This represents a deterioration of the nutritional situation compared to the last SMART survey conducted by UNICEF. UNICEF is following up with MSF to compare the results and determine what follow up actions can be taken. So far, WFP has pre-positioned food in Ngala to transport to Rann for distribution. However, this is been delayed due to lack of access to Rann by road since May. In view of the level of deteriorating situation, an inter-agency mission to Rann to assess needs and gaps, given the limited assistance and access, is planned.

As a result of the yellow fever outbreak in Bauchi, a reactive campaign will be conducted from 5 to 10 December targeting 487,305 persons in three local government areas (Biu, Hawul and Kwaya Kusar), Borno state. To facilitate the campaign, social mobilizations are ongoing through various channels including radio, TV, religious/worship centers, and distribution of IEC materials. In addition, volunteer community mobilizers are engaged in house-to-house mobilization with support from tradition and religious institutions.

On 27 November, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) met with the Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Development (FMHDS) at UN House. Among other key issues, the HCT committed to supporting the new ministry and highlighted key areas where the Ministry’s support is required.

Source: UN Children’s Fund