West and Central Africa, Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Monthly Regional Update – Apr 2020

Monthly Mobility Trends and Events

Reporting Period April 2020

In April 2020, significant mobility trends and events were observed in the West and Central Africa region, including:

  • The closure of borders in 14 countries, in an effort to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus.
  • Severe restrictions in mobilty throughout the region in an effort to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus, including city-wide lockdowns, internal and crossboundary travel bans and quarantine of new arrivals.
  • A decrease of 48 per cent in flows observed at Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) between January and April 2020, as a result of mobility restriction measures and decrease travel relating to the COVID-19 crisis.
  • The stranding of over 24,000 migrants throughout the region, including more than 3,000 migrants waiting at IOM Transit Centers.
  • Continued movements across borders observed in Guinea, Burkina Faso, Chad,
    Mali Niger and Cameroon, despite borders being closed amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • The return of over 10,500 IDPs to North West and Norh South Region of Cameroon, linked to the COVID-19 crisis.
  • The return of 5,250 talibe children (Coranic school students) to the Zinder Region of Niger from Nigeria, and the return of over 7,000 Chadian students from Cameroon to Chad.
  • The deportation of 321 individuals from Libya to Chad.
  • The increase in the number of migrant arrivals by boat to the Canary Islands (Spain) from 243 in January-April 2019 to 1,936 in January-April 2020.
  • Large increasesin the shares of seasonal migrants observed at Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs), .
  • The intensification of attacks by NonState Armed Groups and growing insecurity in the Lake Chad Basin, which led to the displacement of over 15,000 individuals in Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad.
  • Growing communal tensions and widespread fighting between Non-State Armed Groups in northeastern Central African Republic, which prompted the displacement of 20,000 individuals.

Source: International Organization for Migration