Monthly Mobility Trends and Events
Reporting Period April 2020
In April 2020, significant mobility trends and events were observed in the West and Central Africa region, including:
- The closure of borders in 14 countries, in an effort to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus.
- Severe restrictions in mobilty throughout the region in an effort to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus, including city-wide lockdowns, internal and crossboundary travel bans and quarantine of new arrivals.
- A decrease of 48 per cent in flows observed at Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) between January and April 2020, as a result of mobility restriction measures and decrease travel relating to the COVID-19 crisis.
- The stranding of over 24,000 migrants throughout the region, including more than 3,000 migrants waiting at IOM Transit Centers.
- Continued movements across borders observed in Guinea, Burkina Faso, Chad,
Mali Niger and Cameroon, despite borders being closed amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The return of over 10,500 IDPs to North West and Norh South Region of Cameroon, linked to the COVID-19 crisis.
- The return of 5,250 talibe children (Coranic school students) to the Zinder Region of Niger from Nigeria, and the return of over 7,000 Chadian students from Cameroon to Chad.
- The deportation of 321 individuals from Libya to Chad.
- The increase in the number of migrant arrivals by boat to the Canary Islands (Spain) from 243 in January-April 2019 to 1,936 in January-April 2020.
- Large increasesin the shares of seasonal migrants observed at Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs), .
- The intensification of attacks by NonState Armed Groups and growing insecurity in the Lake Chad Basin, which led to the displacement of over 15,000 individuals in Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad.
- Growing communal tensions and widespread fighting between Non-State Armed Groups in northeastern Central African Republic, which prompted the displacement of 20,000 individuals.
Source: International Organization for Migration